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Sun, sea, mountain, magic, colors, architecture, business, music, design, food, entertainment, culture, tradition, modernity, history, details, people. Barcelona is more than a city, is a rich and diverse universe once it surrounds you never let you go. Wandering around the streets and discover its secrets ... Barcelona leaves no one indifferent. Welcome to our city!

 

The city
Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia and the second largest city in Spain, after Madrid, with a population of 1.700.00 within its administrative limits being the sixth-most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, London, the Ruhr, Madrid and Milan. About five million people live in the Barcelona metropolitan area. It is also the largest metropolis on the Mediterranean Sea. It is located on the Mediterranean coast between the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs and is bounded to the west by the Serra de Collserola ridge.

Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia and the second largest city in Spain, after Madrid, with a population of 1.700.00 within its administrative limits being the sixth-most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, London, the Ruhr, Madrid and Milan. About five million people live in the Barcelona metropolitan area. It is also the largest metropolis on the Mediterranean Sea. It is located on the Mediterranean coast between the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs and is bounded to the west by the Serra de Collserola ridge..

Barcelona is today one of the world's leading tourist, economic, trade fair/exhibitions and cultural-sports centres, and its influence in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.
The first human settlements in Barcelona date back to Neolithic times. The city itself was founded by the Romans who set up a colony called Barcino at the end of the 1st century BC. The colony had some thousand inhabitants and was bounded by a defensive wall, the remains of which can still be seen in the old town. For over 200 years, Barcelona was under Muslim rule, and, following the Christian reconquest, it became a county of the Carolingian Empire and one of the main residences of the court of the Crown of Aragon. The fruitful medieval period established Barcelona's position as the economic and political centre of the Western Mediterranean. The city’s Gothic Quarter bears witness to the splendour enjoyed by the city from the 13th to the 15th centuries. .

From the 15th to 18th centuries Barcelona entered a period of decline, while it struggled to maintain its economic and political independence. This struggle ended in 1714, when the city fell to the Bourbon troops and Catalonia’s and Catalans’ rights and privileges were suppressed.

A period of cultural recovery began in the mid-19th century with the arrival of the development of the textile industry. During this period, which was known as the Renaixença, Catalan regained prominence as a literary laaguage.

The 20th century ushered in widespread urban renewal throughout Barcelona city, culminating in its landmark Eixample district, which showcases some of Barcelona’s most distinctive Catalan art-nouveau, or modernista, buildings.

The freedoms achieved during this period were severely restricted during the Civil War in 1936 and the subsequent dictatorship. With the reinstatement of democracy in 1978, Barcelona society regained its economic strength and the Catalan language was restored. The city's hosting of the 1992 Olympic Games gave fresh impetus to Barcelona's potential and reaffirmed its status as a major metropolis. In 2004, the Forum of Cultures reclaimed industrial zones to convert them into residential districts. An example of the renewed vigour with which Barcelona is looking towards the 21st century
Clocks are one hour ahead of GMT in winter and two in summer and are adjusted twice a year, going forward one hour in winter and back an hour in summer.

The working day in Barcelona usually begins at 8 or 9 in the morning and ends around 6 or 7 in the evening, with a one- or two-hour break for lunch at 2pm. This is the daily life and routine that befits the Catalans’ reputation in the rest of Spain as a hard-working and thrifty people.

Lunch and dinner are usually eaten a little later than in the rest of Europe. Most restaurants open from 1pm to 4pm, and from 8pm until 11pm. Tipping isn’t obligatory, but people usually leave 5% if they are satisfied with the service.

Shops have long opening hours, from 10am to 2pm and from 4.30 to 8 or 8.30pm. In Barcelona city centre, most shops don’t close at lunchtime and large shopping centres and department stores open until 10pm in summer.
Spain is in the Eurozone and the euro is its official currency. Foreign currency can be exchanged at savings banks, or ‘Caixes’ and banks. Regarding the prices, Barcelona features a wide range of accommodation, shops and services to suit all pockets. Here are some approximate prices in Barcelona: a single public transport ticket costs 2€, an espresso coffee between 1 and 1.50€; a lunchtime set menu can cost between 8 and 15€, a cinema ticket 10€; a sandwich 3 to 4€, and a newspaper about 1.30€. Smoking is prohibited in all bars and restaurants in Barcelona.
Catalonia has its own language: Catalan. Most of the people who live in Barcelona are bilingual and speak Catalan and Spanish, which is also an official language. Street names and most road and transport signs are in Catalan.

Many restaurants, especially those in the city centre, have menus in several languages. But if there's something you don’t understand, don't be afraid to ask, people will be only too happy to help. Many people from Barcelona understand English and French.

Here are some of the most frequent Catalan expressions translated into Spanish, English and French, which will help you get around the city. Look up a word or expression. You can learn a few words and expressions here.

http://www.barcelonaturisme.com/wwwfiles/bcnweb/idioma/vocabulari.pdf
Barcelona has a Mediterranean climate with mild, humid winters and warm, dry summers. Its average annual temperature is 20 °C (68 °F) during the day and 11 °C (52 °F) at night.
Metro
Barcelona has an excellent underground transport service. The city boasts an integrated rail transport network which allows any number of travel combinations. This network connects the centre of Barcelona to each one of the city's neighbourhoods, as well as providing access to its surrounding cities.

Bus
Barcelona has a huge fleet of modern buses some thousand vehicles strong, with each one specially adapted to accommodate wheel chairs and prams. Barcelona's buses cover 106 routes, making it easier to reach every corner of the city and metropolitan area. You'll find bus stops throughout the city which will all indicate which lines stop at them so you can identify whether or not they are going to meet your travel needs.

Bicicleta
Barcelona has a huge fleet of modern buses some thousand vehicles strong, with each one specially adapted to accommodate wheel chairs and prams. Barcelona's buses cover 106 routes, making it easier to reach every corner of the city and metropolitan area. You'll find bus stops throughout the city which will all indicate which lines stop at them so you can identify whether or not they are going to meet your travel needs.
112 EMERGENCY

061 SANITARY EMERGENCIES

080 FIREMEN

092 GUARDIA URBANA

088 MOSSOS D’ESQUADRA - POLICE
 


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